The American Heart Association (AHA) recommends that anyone at risk for cardiac arrest (including those with heart disease, asthma, high blood pressure, diabetes, and obesity) learn CPR. However, the best person to provide cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is not always the person with the most experience.
In general, people who are more physically fit and have had formal cpr training course are better equipped to provide effective CPR than those who are not as fit. However, everyone can provide some level of effective CPR if they know how to do it.
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The following guidelines will help you determine who should perform CPR in a cardiac arrest situation:
– Anyone at risk for cardiac arrest should learn basic CPR.
– If someone is able to give chest compressions but cannot breathe, then someone else should administer mouth-to-mouth resuscitation until help arrives.
– If someone is not able to give chest compressions or mouth-to-mouth resuscitation, then an automated external defibrillator (AED) should be used immediately.
In most cases, bystanders (family, friends, or other people nearby) can perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) on someone who is not breathing. However, in some cases it may be more appropriate for a healthcare professional to provide CPR. Healthcare professionals include physicians, nurses, EMTs, and paramedics.
There are certain factors that make one person better suited to provide CPR than another. First and foremost, the person providing CPR should have adequate training. Secondly, they should be physically fit enough to move the victim quickly and efficiently. Lastly, they should have a calm demeanor and good communication skills.
If you are able to give CPR, the American Heart Association recommends following these steps:
1) Check for a pulse at the neck or chest using gentle pressure. If there is no pulse or if the pulse is weak or faint, begin chest compressions.
2) Open the victim's airway by tilting his head back and pushing down on his jaw with your index finger and thumb.
3) Put your mouth over the victim's nose and breathe into his lungs until you feel a breath escape from his lungs.
4) Continue chest compressions while breathing into the victims.